The Fifth Zermatt Roundtable on Current Security Issues in the North Pacific Region, held on 19-21 September 2016 in Glion/Montreux, Switzerland, gathered some twenty-eight participants – high level experts and Government representatives – from China, the U.S., Japan, the Republic of Korea, the DPRK, Russia, Mongolia, and Switzerland. The international Roundtable is jointly organized by the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs of Switzerland and the Geneva Center for Security Policy (GCSP).
The purpose of the Roundtable is to facilitate open and substantive discussions among participants from key countries on the evolving security situation of the Northern Pacific and ways to promote stability in the region.
The first four rounds (2012, 2013, 2014 and 2015) were devoted to the multiple security challenges facing the region, the dynamics of the growing power competition and the impact of defense strategies on regional stability. The fifth round took place in the context of mounting tensions and insecurity in North East Asia.
The fifth Roundtable was structured in six sessions covering the following issues: the power shifts in North Pacific and the role of external actors; mechanisms to diffuse tensions in maritime areas; collective use of resources as factor of confidence; the implications of the OBOR (One Belt, One Road) initiative; the risks of confrontation on the Korean Peninsula; and the potential of arms race in the region.