Internet is an important part of the contemporary public sphere. Therefore, we can ask ourselves what consequences the structure of Internet has on democracy.
This article highlights the importance of the computer code that shapes the information flows and, therefore, how it is a battleground for the actors trying to impose their views. On one hand, the hackers commit themselves to maintain the countercultural roots of Internet as a decentralized, hard to control, network. On the other hand, states and companies also produce codes according to their own interests, such as ownership of content for commercial purpose or surveillance for law enforcement. All these actors fight over issues such as privacy against surveillance or the Net neutrality, which have an impact on democracy. The code is law and it determines the degree of liberty on the Net, the diversity of opinions, or the risks of their manipulation.