Transformative Technologies

In recent decades, the pace of technological innovation has grown at an exponential rate.

Some technologies, such as nanotechnology and artificial intelligence have been enablers of innovation in various fields. The GCSP artificial intelligence and disruptive technologies cluster focuses on artificial intelligence and a suite of disruptive technologies. Artificial Intelligence (A.I.) is the science of engineering intelligent machines. Banking, warfare, aviation, healthcare, all of these and other sectors rely on A.I., and accordingly A.I. plays a critical role in our lives. Its relevance will only increase as A.I. systems continue to be integrated into more and more applications and autonomous robots. Predictions that machine intelligence will not only reach but even surpass human intelligence by 2050 confront us with novel dilemmas and challenges. In addition to A.I., this cluster looks at other emerging technologies which could have a revolutionary impact on the future of humanity. These disruptive technologies include synthetic biology, neuro-morphic chips, big data, quantum computing, 3D and 4D printing, brain-computer interfaces, hypersonic technology and cognitive enhancement. Importantly, these technologies will change the way nations fight wars, while forcing us to reconsider existing legal provisions on warfare and humanitarian rules.

Through publications and courses, the activities under this cluster mainly follow three objectives: (i) to provide a comprehensive overview of the evolution and technological aspects of these technologies as well as their implications in the civilian and military realms; (ii) to study the dual-use nature of disruptive technologies, dangers of their proliferation and their security implications; and (iii) to analyse the ethical issues, governance and regulatory challenges, as well as existential risks associated with these technologies.

This cluster provides opportunities in executive education, dialogue and policy analysis about the inherent benefits and challenges of artificial intelligence and disruptive technologies. It seeks to also create greater awareness about the opportunities and risks these technologies can engender. In doing so, the cluster aims to further the debate on the role of innovation in security.

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