This cluster examines the multifaceted challenges and complex tasks associated with the process of political transitions and their implications for the domestic, regional and international security environment.
Different processes and modes of transitions, the linkages between transition and disorder, the role of internal actors (such as civil society) and external as well as transnational actors, the topics of transitional justice, and ideology and transition are analysed.
Political transitions are defined by different assumptions; countries moving from dictatorial rule towards democracy, staged processes consisting of different steps, elections as indicators of democratisation and the importance of structural conditions. With transition being one of the main features of today’s international relations, it is crucial to understand the security risks and opportunities linked to the transitions processes. The cluster focuses on the Middle East and North African region, the post-soviet space and Central Europe, Central and West Africa and South-East Asia.
This cluster examines both the conceptual and practical tools for understanding the nature of transitions and addressing efficiently the challenges they raise. They acquire knowledge about the process of political transitions and understand ways to secure that process; furthermore, the access an extensive network of expertise in international affairs and security as GCSP alumni.