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Revolution, Security Challenges and State Building in Libya

A first-hand discussion of Libya’s challenges with Mustafa El Sagezli

Libya is an extremely strategic country. It has vast oil reserves and its proximity to Europe make it a gateway for illegal migration. The revolution that toppled dictator Muammar Qaddafi in 2011 generated much controversy, both for the use of western assistance in the name of “right to protect” and for its aftermath. A period of initial euphoria and optimism was followed by internecine conflict between the forces who overthrew “the Guide” and the establishment of a branch of the so-called “Islamic State”. Some of Qaddafi’s vast arsenal helped to fuel a Tuareg/Arab rebellion in Mali that was later hijacked by extremists. Barack Obama stated that his biggest mistake as U.S. President was not putting in adequate resources to stabilize and rebuild Libya. Though the threat of the “Islamic State” has abated, the country remains extremely fragile with competing governments and armed factions continuing to vie for control.

The public discussion will tackle key issues of the contemporary Libyan scenario, including challenges for state-building, security sector reforms, reintegration, and countering violent extremism.

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Location

GCSP, Maison de la paix, Pétale 4, Chemin Eugéne-Rigot 2D, Genève

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