Since the Conseil National pour la Défense de la Démocratie-Forces de Défense de la Démocratie (CNDD-FDD’s) accession to power following the 2005 elections in Burundi, governance setbacks were of great concern and constantly criticized throughout the post-wartime. This study contributes to the understanding of how legacies of wartime shape post-war trajectory of a former rebel movement by analysing the relationship between main post-2005 features of CNDD-FDD and some key elements of its history. There is substantial evidence showing that the CNDD-FDD leadership, lacking political will for real changes, has continued during the post-wartime its armed movement practices from the maquis era, leading to the conclusion of a facade transformation of CNDD-FDD rebel movement-to-political party.
Dr Gervais Rufyikiri is an Executive-in-Residence at the GCSP, with a diversified experience both in academic research and political field. He served as the vice-president of Burundi in charge of the coordination of economic and social ministries from 2010 until 2015. He holds a doctoral degree in Biological, Agricultural and Environmental Engineering at Catholic University of Louvain in Belgium (1995-2000).