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The transformation of warfare in the 21st century
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Proxies, surrogates and the practice of surrogate warfare
The popular notion of war is that it is fought en masse by the people of one side versus the other. But the reality today is that both state and non-state actors are increasingly looking to shift the burdens of war to surrogates. Surrogate warfare describes a patron's outsourcing of the strategic, operational, or tactical burdens of warfare, in whole or in part, to human and/or technological substitutes in order to minimize the costs of war. This phenomenon ranges from arming rebel groups, to the use of armed drones or cyber propaganda by non-militaries. This public discussion will convene the authors, Dr Andreas Krieg and Dr Jean-Marc Rickli, of the newly published book Surrogate Warfare, as well as one or two discussants. The concept of surrogate warfare will be introduced with concrete examples relating to the use of surrogates in the Middle East as well as the way emerging technologies increasingly allow technology to become a surrogate on its own. A critical discussion of the concept then opens the floor for question and answer.
Dr Andreas KriegAssistant professor at the School of Security Studies at King's College, London and co-founder of both the Near East Centre for Security and Strategy and the Private Military and Security Research Group at King's College.
Dr Jean-Marc Ricklihead of global risk and resilience at the Geneva Centre for Security Policy and a research fellow at King's College, London
Dr Michael RaskaAssistant professor and coordinator of the Military Transformations Programme at the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore