Overall, thirty-eight state and non-state cyber-security experts from twelve countries took part in the dialogue. These included thirteen delegates from China and five governmental cybersecurity coordinators from different European countries. The participants had frank exchanges on a number of related topics, including the importance of international cybersecurity as the basis for economic prosperity, the role of the multistakeholder approach in the governance of the Internet, the nature of state sovereignty in cyberspace, the role of international humanitarian law in possible cyber-conflict, and the desirability of confidence building measures and norms for managing state behaviour in cyberspace.
Participants agreed that the wide-ranging discussions yielded significant breakthroughs and marked a notable push forward in Sino European cyber relations. To build on the discussion held in Geneva, a second SECD meeting is planned for Beijing in the fall of 2014.